Archaeological park

In ancient times Ocriolum was a border-town and a commercial point between Umbria and Sabina, an important trading centre between Rome and the region, thanks to the two communication routes, the via Flaminia and the river Tiber. Since 1775, during the pontificate of Pope Pius VII, it was concerned with a series of archaeologic excavations by the Papal States, and gave monuments and works of art, now kept in italians and foreign museums (the Vatican Museum in Rome, the Louvre Museum in Paris, the Ermitage Museum in S. Petersburg), and in municipal and private collections. The visit itinerary starts before entering the town with the funeral monuments placed along the via Flaminia, of various kind (tower, niche, circular, square): only concrete cores remain, without the facing blocks, despoiled and reused elsewhere. On the narrow white road you come to the baths; here, in a large area on the right are placed several monuments, some of which recently excavated, in particular a paved stretch of the ancient via Flaminia that a funeral monument and a public fountain overlook. Northwards stands a great nymphaeum; finally, a big pillar is one of the two piers of the town gate. Going along the little road, you come across the forum and basilica area (no traces of which are left), the big substructure, an imposing monument close to the hill, and the theatre. Going further on, the itinerary leads to the church of S. Vittore, with a suggestive view on the river Tiber, and climbing up the town, to the church of S. Fulgenzio, also known as Madonna del Buon Cosiglio.

Bibliography: "Ocriculum - Guida ai monumenti della città antica" Soprintendenza Archeologica per l'Umbria